ABOUT GOD or THE CREATOR
Just as the
soul acquires a childhood body, a youth body,
and an old-age body during this life, similarly, the soul acquires another body
after death. This should not delude the wise. (See also 15.08) (2.13)
as a person puts on new garments after discarding the old ones, similarly, the
living entity or the individual soul acquires new bodies after casting away the
old bodies. (2.22)
All beings are unmanifest (or
invisible) to our physical eyes before birth and after death. They manifest
between birth and death only. What is there to grieve about? (2.28)
All actions are performed by the forces (or Gunas) of Nature, but due to delusion of ego or ignorance,
people assume themselves to be the doer. (See also 5.09, 13.29, and 14.19)
There is nothing higher than Me, the
Supreme Being, O Arjuna. Everything in the universe is strung on Me like different jewels are strung on the thread of a
After many births, the enlightened one resorts to Me by realizing that everything is, indeed, My manifestation.
Such a great soul is very rare. (7.19)
All this is, of course, the Spirit
because everything is born from, rests in, and merges into the Spirit (ChU 3.14.01). All this is Spirit. The Spirit
is everywhere. All this universe is, indeed, Spirit (MuU 2.02.11). The Bible says: You are gods (John 10.34).
The Vedas and Upanishads declare: (1) Consciousness is Spirit (AiU 3.03 in Rigveda). (2) I am
Spirit (BrU 1.04.10 in Yajurveda).
(3) You are Spirit (ChU
6.08.07 in Samaveda). (4) The Spirit is also called Atma (or Brahman, Brahm, Brahma) (MaU
02 in Atharvaveda). That which
is One has become all these (RV 8.58.02). The entire
creation and every order of reality are nothing but another form of divinity.
male musk deer, after a vain search for the
cause of the scent of the musk, at last will have to find the musk in himself.
After God-realization, one sees that it is the Spirit of God (or Consciousness)
that has become the universe and all living beings. Everything is consciousness.
Creation is like countless waves appearing in the ocean of consciousness by
the wind of divine power (Maya). Everything, including the primordial divine
energy called Maya, is nothing but part and parcel of the Absolute.
GOD IS THE ORIGIN OF EVERYTHING
But GOD HAS NO ORIGIN !!
Neither the celestial controllers nor the great sages know My origin because I am the origin of celestial controllers
and great sages also. (10.02)
One who knows Me as the unborn, the beginningless, and the Supreme Lord of the universe, is
considered wise among mortals and becomes liberated from the bondage of Karma. (10.03)
Discrimination, Self-knowledge, non-delusion, forgiveness,
truthfulness, control over the mind and senses, tranquility, pleasure, pain,
birth, death, fear, fearlessness, nonviolence, equanimity, contentment,
austerity, charity, fame, ill fame ¾
these diverse qualities in human beings arise from Me alone. (10.04-05)
The great saints, sages, and all the creatures of the world
were born from My potential energy. (10.06)
One who truly understands My
manifestations and yogic powers, is united with Me by unswerving devotion.
There is no doubt about it. (10.07)
I am the origin of all. Everything emanates from Me. The wise who understand this adore Me
with love and devotion. (10.08)
which is One has
become this all (RV 8.58.02).
My devotees remain ever content and delighted. Their minds
remain absorbed in Me and their lives surrendered unto
Me. They always enlighten each other by
talking about Me. (10.09)
THE SUPREME CAN BE DESCRIBED BY
PARABLES, AND NOT IN ANY OTHER WAY
I shall fully describe the Supreme Being ¾ the
object of knowledge. By knowing this one attains immortality. The beginningless Supreme Being is said to be neither eternal
nor temporal. (See also 9.19, 11.37, and 15.18) (13.12)
the beginning there was neither Eternal Being (Sat, Brahma) nor temporal (Asat, Divine Beings, Devas) ¾ no
sky, no air, neither day nor night. There was nothing whatsoever other than the
Absolute Supreme Being (RV 10.129.01, AiU 1.01). The
Absolute is beyond both Divine Beings (celestial controllers, Devas) and the Eternal Being (Spirit) (Verse 15.18).
Therefore, He is neither temporal nor eternal. The Supreme Being or the
Absolute is also both temporal and eternal (Verse 9.19) and beyond temporal and
eternal (Verses 11.37, 15.18) because He is everywhere, in everything, and also
beyond everything. Therefore, the Absolute is all three ¾ neither temporal nor
eternal, beyond both temporal and eternal, as well as both temporal and eternal
at the same time.
The Supreme Being has His hands,
feet, eyes, head, mouth, and ears everywhere because He is all-pervading and
He is the perceiver of all sense objects without the physical
sense organs; unattached, and yet the
sustainer of all; devoid of the three modes of material Nature, and yet the
enjoyer of the modes of material Nature by becoming the living entity. (13.14)
Self walks without legs, hears
without ears, performs many actions without hands, smells without a nose, sees
without eyes, speaks without a mouth, and enjoys all tastes without a tongue.
All His actions are so marvelous that one finds His greatness utterly beyond
description (TR 1.117.03-04). The Supreme Being may be described only by
parables and paradoxes and in no other way. (See also ShU
3.19). Self expands Himself as the living entity to enjoy three modes of
does not possess a body like an ordinary being. All His senses are
transcendental, or out of this world. His potencies are multifarious. Any one
of His senses can perform the action of any other sense. All His deeds are automatically
performed as a natural consequence.
He is inside as well as outside all beings, animate and
inanimate. He is incomprehensible because of His subtlety. And because of His
omnipresence, He is very near ¾
residing in our inner psyche ¾ as
well as far away in the Supreme Abode. (13.15)
He is undivided, yet appears to exist as if divided in living
beings. He is the object of knowledge and appears as the Creator (Brahm|), Sustainer (Vishnu), and
Destroyer (Shankara) of all beings. (See also 11.13, and 18.20) (13.16)
planet earth appears divided into so many countries; one country appears
divided into several states; one state appears divided into counties, and so
on; similarly, one Reality appears as many. These are apparent divisions
because they have the same order of reality. The term God is used for the
Generator, Operator, and Destroyer aspects of Self.
The Supreme Being is the source of all lights. He is said to be
beyond darkness of ignorance. He is Self-knowledge, the object of Self-knowledge,
and seated in the inner psyche as
consciousness (or Ishvara in verse 18.61) of all
beings, He is to be realized by Self-knowledge. (13.17)
am the light of knowledge of the world. Whoever follows me will have the light
of life and will never walk in the darkness of ignorance (John 8.12). One who
knows the Almighty as much more radiant than
the sun and beyond the darkness of material reality, transcends death. There
is no other way (YV 31.18, SV 3.08). The Supreme is beyond the reach
of senses and mind. It cannot be described or defined by words. Different means
of attaining the Supreme continue below:
Thus, I have briefly described
creation, as well as Self-knowledge and the object of Self-knowledge.
Understanding this, My devotee attains My Supreme