THE SUPREME PERSON
Jai: Grandma, I am
confused by the difference between Supreme
Spirit, Spirit, Divine Beings and individual
souls. Will you please explain them
Yes, Jai, these are terms you should
The Supreme Spirit is also
called the Supreme Person, the Supreme
Being, the Supersoul, the Absolute,
Father, Mother, God, Ishvara, Allah
and by many other names. The
Supreme Spirit is called ParaBrahma,
Paramatma, ParamaShiva, or Krishna in
Sanskrit. The Supreme Spirit is the
source or the root of everything. There
is nothing higher than the Supreme Spirit.
Spirit (Brahma or Atma) is a part of
the Supreme Spirit that expands and
supports the entire cosmos.
Divine Beings (Devas, Devis), such
as Vishnu, Brahma, Shiva, and many others,
are the expansions of Brahma (Spirit).
Individual Souls (soul or Jiva), such
as all living beings, are the expansions
of Divine Beings.
The Supreme Spirit and Spirit do not
change and last forever. Divine Beings
come out of Spirit and have a very long
life span. Individual souls or the living
beings have a very limited life span.
If you compare the creation
with a tree, then the Supreme Lord Krishna
(the Supreme Spirit) is the root of
the tree. Atma or Brahma (also spelled
as Brahman, Brahm) is the trunk of the
tree. The cosmos are the branches of
the tree, and the holy books, such as
the Vedas, Upanishads, and Gita, Dhammapada,
Torah, Bible, Koran, etc. are its leaves.
Individual souls, such as living beings,
are the fruits and flowers of the tree.
Do you see how everything is connected
and part of the Supreme Being?
Jai: How about planets,
such as the Sun, and the Moon and the
The entire visible world, such as the
Sun, Moon, Earth, other planets, and
galaxies, was created by Lord Brahma
and is supported by Lord Vishnu and
is destroyed by Lord Shiva. Remember
that Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva are a
part of the energy of the Spirit or
Brahma. The light energy of the Sun
also comes from Brahma, and Brahma is
a part of the Supreme Being, Lord Krishna.
The sages tell us that everything is
nothing but another form of Lord Krishna,
the Supreme Being. Krishna is inside
and outside everything. He has actually
become everything. The One has become
all. He also comes to earth in human
form to establish law and order (Dharma)
when needed. (Gita 4.07-08)
Here is a story when the Supreme
Lord Himself incarnated as Krishna about
5,100 years ago.
19. A Story of Baby
Baby Krishna had an elder half-brother
named Balarama. Both played together
in the village of Gokul. Krishna’s
birth mother’s name was Devaki.
His father’s name was Vasudeva.
Krishna is also called Vasudeva. Krishna
spent His childhood years under the
care of Aunty Yashoda. Both Balarama
and Krishna were the favorites of the
village milkmaids. Their mothers loved
them proudly. Yasoda and Rohini (Balarama’s
mother) dressed their young boys colorfully,
Krishna in yellow with a crown of peacock
feathers in His hair, and Balarama in
blue. The two boys went from place to
place, making friends wherever they
went. Most of the time they got into
a lot of trouble!
One day, they were playing outside
with a few of the other village boys,
digging in the dirt, making mud pies,
and getting very dirty. After a while,
one of the older boys ran to mother
Yashoda and said, “Krishna has
been a bad boy, He has been eating clay!”
Yashoda was annoyed with her young son.
She had also been hearing other complaints
from villagers that Krishna had been
stealing butter from their houses.
She came out of her house and asked
Krishna angrily, “Did you really
eat clay, Krishna? How many times have
I told you not to put things in your
Krishna didn’t want to
be punished, so he played a trick on
mother Yashoda. He opened His mouth
wide and said, “See, Mother, I
haven’t been eating anything.
These boys are just lying to get me
Yashoda looked inside Krishna’s
mouth. There, in the little boy’s
mouth, she saw the whole universe ---
Earth and stars, the wide empty space,
the entire galaxy and the Milky Way,
the oceans and the mountains, the Sun
and the Moon. All were contained within
His mouth. She realized then that Krishna
was Lord Vishnu incarnate, and she was
about to fall before Him and worship.
But Krishna didn’t want her to
worship Him. He just wanted her to love
Him the way mothers love their children.
He could have come to earth in any form
to fight the demons, but He liked being
a little boy to a mother and a father
who had performed many difficult spiritual
practices to have God as their child.
Baby Krishna realized that His trick
had been a big mistake!
Quickly, He spread His power of Maya
over her. The next minute Yashoda was
holding her son as usual, with no memory
at all of what she had just seen in
You should read interesting
stories of Krishna’s adventures
and tricks with village milkmaids when
you get time.
The Lord also comes as a saint
or a teacher to teach us from time to
time. Here is a story of such a saint:
20. The Story of
The Lord came to this earth
as RamaKrishna, born on February 18,
1836, in the village Kamarpukur of West
Bengal. Most of the stories I have told
you are from his “Tales and Parables
of Shri RamaKrishna.” Swami Vivekananda
was one of his most famous disciples.
Swami Vivekananda was the first Hindu
monk who came to the USA in 1893.
He established the Vedanta Society in
New York. RamaKrishna led a very simple
life, depending on God for his daily
food and other necessities of life.
He would not accept any money. He was
married to Sarada Ma, whom he treated
like his mother and never had any child.
Sarada Ma used to tell her disciples:
“If you want peace of mind, do
not look into others’ faults;
rather, look into your own. No one is
a stranger; the whole world is your
own.“ Sarada Ma also warned her
disciples not to be too close with persons
of the opposite gender, even if God
came in that form. RamaKrishna worshipped
Goddess Kali as his personal deity in
a temple at Dakshineshvar near Kolkatta.
This temple still exists today.
Chapter 15 summary:
The creation is changeable and does
not last forever. It has a limited life
span. Brahma or Atma does not change
and is eternal. It is the cause of all
causes. Krishna is called ParaBrahma
or the Supreme Being. He is also called
the Absolute because He has no origin.
He is the source of Brahma. Everything
in the universe comes out of Brahma.
The entire visible world and its creatures
are created by Brahma, the creative
power; sustained by Vishnu’s sustaining
power and destroyed by Shiva.