This is the story of creation, the genesis, according to Vedic Cosmology or Hindu scriptures. We beleive in the
theory of evolution that is an integral part of intelligent design of a cosmic mind, called by various names in sanskrit.
Read PDF file: www.gita-society.com/pdf/genesis.pdf for more details and in Hindi language
DESCENT OF THE SUPREME BEING
Note: The following explanation is only for advanced readers who
have studied Gita for several years and are familiar with some Sanskrit terms.
Readers should also visit our website:
a diagram showing this hierarchy of cosmic control that
will make the following explanations more clear.
cosmology, the cosmic space (Ak|sha) is divided into five major zones: 1. Chid|k|sha,
2. Sad|k|sha, 3. Param|k|sha, 4. Brahm|nd|k|sha, and 5. Ghat|k|sha.
The Supreme Being (1) resides in ParamaDh|ma (Supreme Abode, Gita 15.06),
located in Chid|k|sha,
the uppermost space. ShriKrishna is known here as Param|tm|, Supreme
Being, Supersoul, ParaBrahma,
Purushottama, Saccid|nanda, Absolute, Father, the Supreme
Personality of Godhead and by various other names.
(2) Akshar Brahma (Eternal Being or Atmā) is the expansion of the SAT
(or existence) nature of Supreme Being in Sadākāsha, as explained in Gita 10.42 and 14.27. Akshara
Brahma, mentioned in Gita 8.03 and 15.16, has three major expansions (Pāda or natures). They are: (2a) Sat, (2b) Chitta or Sabal Brahma, and
(2c) Ananda or Keval Brahma. Sat nature is also called Atmā or Parameshvara. Chitta nature has various other names, such
as Chaitanya Braham, Consciousness, ParamaShiva, cosmic intellect, and Parātmā.
Ananda, the blissful energy of Keval
Brahma, is also called YogaMāyā (Gita 4.06,
and (2c) Ananda
natures combine to give rise to the fourth Pāda,
the Avyakta Brahma or (3) Avyakta Akshara Brahma in
This is known by various names such as the
inexplicable Brahma, Avyakta, Adi
Purusha, Adi Prakriti, Pradhān, Sarva Kārana Kārnam (the cause of all causes). Avyakta
Brahma, a small fraction of the Absolute, expands into infinite cosmos, as
mentioned in Gita 8.18 and 10.41. Paramākāsh
is also the abode of major powers of YogaMāyā,
such as: power to veil the real nature of
things (Avaran Shakti),
power to place obstructions (Vikshep Shakti), powers to multiply and become many (Vigrah Shakti), powers of cosmic
intellect, knowledge, and action, and power of converting energy into matter
and vice versa.
Lord Krishna is known as Golokinātha in Paramākāsha. Golokinātha (or Avyakta
Brahma) has two major expansions: (3a) PranavaBrahma (or BrahmaShiva)
and (3b) Māyā Brahma. PranavaBrahma expands into (3a.1) Omkāra (or Nādashiva). Omkāra
expands into (3a.1a) AUM (or Shiva) (Gita 10.25). PranavaBrahma
also gives rise to (3a.2) Gāyatri
(Gita 10.35) which is the abode of the Vedas
is a reflection of (2c) YogaMāyā
in Paramākāsha. It undergoes further successive
transformations as: MahāMāyā, KālaMāyā
and (3b.1) Māyā (Gita 7.14).
The creative power of Māyā creates Brahmāndākāsha
by a small fraction (Residual Energy) of her power. A Golden Egg or HiranyaGarbha (4) is also created by Māyā
Devi in Brahmāndākāsh.
AdiNārāyana (or Adi Purusha, Shambhu, MahāDeva)
(or Mother Nature/Ambā) remain in an
inactive (YogaNidrā) state for over 311 trillion
years (verse 9.07) in the Golden Egg until the cosmic sound vibration (or a big
bang) of AUM activates the Golden
Egg giving rise to (4a) Purusha (also known as Kshara Purusha,
Gita 7.05, 15.16) and (4b) Prakriti (also known as Nature,
Gita 7.04). MahāVishnu creates infinite Cosmic
Eggs (Brahmāndas) by His breathing power. Nature
has three Gunas or modes (see Chapter 14). The
combination of these three Gunas of Nature is called (4b.1) the Cosmic Mind (Mahatatattva, Tannamātrā
In Ghatākāsha (or Vishnu Loka), Nārāyana/MahāVishnu of Brahmāndākāsha appears
as (5) Lord Vishnu where he
is also called Kshirodak Vishnu, and he
further expands his role as (5b) Brahmā and (5c) Shankara. Brahmā
creates seven heavens, seven lower planets (Pātāls),
Jambu islands, earth, and other hellish planets.
During partial dissolution (Gita 8.17), the entire creation of Brahmā rests in the abdomen of Kshirodak
Vishnu. Nārāyana also expands as Niranjan Deva and Ishvara. Niranjan Deva activates the cosmic mind (4b.1) and creates (5d) five
basic elements (earth, water, fire, air, subtle space, also see Gita 7.04)
that are further transformed into a body mass (Pind)
made up of twenty four elements (See Gita 13.06 for more details), out
of which physical bodies of living beings, Jeeva, on the earth are created when the Supreme Lord Krishna puts His seed
of life force (see verses 7.10, 10.39, and 14.04) into the body mass (Pind) and resides in the inner psyche
of all beings as Ishvara
(see Gita verses 15.07 and 18.61). Jeeva
transmigrates into 8.4 million species of life on the earth as long as it
remains in bodily concept due to the veil of ignorance created by Māyā. Jeeva attains
salvation when, by virtue of one’s good Karma, one obtains the grace of God,
Gita, or a SadGuru, and truly realizes that he or she
is not this physical body or a doer; but Atmā, a
divine instrument and an integral part and parcel of the Supreme Being.
Everything in Brahmāndākāsha and Ghatākāsha is called Kshara or
temporal. Everything in Sadākāsha and Paramākāsha, is called Akshara or eternal. The Supreme Being is beyond both temporal and
eternal as stated in verse 15.18.
Reference: Fourth Revised English and Hindi Edition of
the Gita Published by Motilal
Banarsidass, New Delhi