Just as the
soul acquires a
Just as a person puts on new garments after discarding the old ones, similarly, the living entity or the individual soul acquires new bodies after casting away the old bodies. (2.22)
All beings are unmanifest (or invisible) to our physical eyes before birth and after death. They manifest between birth and death only. What is there to grieve about? (2.28)
All actions are performed by the forces (or Gunas) of Nature, but due to delusion of ego or ignorance, people assume themselves to be the doer. (See also 5.09, 13.29, and 14.19) (3.27)
There is nothing higher than Me, the Supreme Being, O Arjuna. Everything in the universe is strung on Me like different jewels are strung on the thread of a necklace. (7.07)
After many births, the enlightened one resorts to Me by realizing that everything is, indeed, My manifestation.
All this is, of course, the Spirit
because everything is born from, rests in, and merges into the Spirit (
male musk deer, after a vain sear
Neither the celestial controllers nor the great sages know My origin because I am the origin of celestial controllers and great sages also. (10.02)
One who knows Me as the unborn, the beginningless, and the Supreme Lord of the universe, is considered wise among mortals and becomes liberated from the bondage of Karma. (10.03)
Discrimination, Self-knowledge, non-delusion, forgiveness,
truthfulness, control over the mind and senses, tranquility, pleasure, pain,
birth, death, fear, fearlessness, nonviolence, equanimity, contentment,
The great saints, sages, and all the creatures of the world were born from My potential energy. (10.06)
One who truly understands My manifestations and yogic powers, is united with Me by unswerving devotion. There is no doubt about it. (10.07)
I am the origin of all. Everything emanates from Me. The wise who understand this adore Me with love and devotion. (10.08)
My devotees remain ever content and delighted. Their minds
remain absorbed in Me and their lives surrendered unto
Me. They always enlighten ea
I shall fully describe the Supreme Being ¾ the object of knowledge. By knowing this one attains immortality. The beginningless Supreme Being is said to be neither eternal nor temporal. (See also 9.19, 11.37, and 15.18) (13.12)
In the beginning there was neither Eternal Being (Sat, Brahma) nor temporal (Asat, Divine Beings, Devas) ¾ no sky, no air, neither day nor night. There was nothing whatsoever other than the Absolute Supreme Being (RV 10.129.01, AiU 1.01). The Absolute is beyond both Divine Beings (celestial controllers, Devas) and the Eternal Being (Spirit) (Verse 15.18). Therefore, He is neither temporal nor eternal. The Supreme Being or the Absolute is also both temporal and eternal (Verse 9.19) and beyond temporal and eternal (Verses 11.37, 15.18) because He is everywhere, in everything, and also beyond everything. Therefore, the Absolute is all three ¾ neither temporal nor eternal, beyond both temporal and eternal, as well as both temporal and eternal ¾ at the same time.
The Supreme Being has His hands, feet, eyes, head, mouth, and ears everywhere because He is all-pervading and omnipresent. (13.13)
He is the perceiver of all sense objects without the physical
sense organs; unatta
Self walks without legs, hears without ears, performs many actions without hands, smells without a nose, sees without eyes, speaks without a mouth, and enjoys all tastes without a tongue. All His actions are so marvelous that one finds His greatness utterly beyond description (TR 1.117.03-04). The Supreme Being may be described only by parables and paradoxes and in no other way. (See also ShU 3.19). Self expands Himself as the living entity to enjoy three modes of material Nature.
God does not possess a body like an ordinary being. All His senses are transcendental, or out of this world. His potencies are multifarious. Any one of His senses can perform the action of any other sense. All His deeds are automatically performed as a natural consequence.
He is inside as well as outside all beings, animate and
inanimate. He is incomprehensible because of His subtlety. And because of His
omnipresence, He is very near ¾
residing in our inner psy
He is undivided, yet appears to exist as if divided in living beings. He is the object of knowledge and appears as the Creator (Brahm|), Sustainer (Vishnu), and Destroyer (Shankara) of all beings. (See also 11.13, and 18.20) (13.16)
One planet earth appears divided into so many countries; one country appears divided into several states; one state appears divided into counties, and so on; similarly, one Reality appears as many. These are apparent divisions because they have the same order of reality. The term God is used for the Generator, Operator, and Destroyer aspects of Self.
The Supreme Being is the source of all lights. He is said to be
beyond darkness of ignorance. He is Self-knowledge, the object of Self-knowledge,
and seated in the inner psy
am the light of knowledge of the world. Whoever follows me will have the light
of life and will never walk in the darkness of ignorance (John 8.12). One who
knows the Almighty as mu
Thus, I have briefly described creation, as well as Self-knowledge and the object of Self-knowledge. Understanding this, My devotee attains My Supreme Abode. (13.18)